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ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Injury

ACL (Anterior cruciate ligament) is a one of the major ligament in our knee.  It’s located deep within the joint, behind the kneecap (patella), above the shinbone, and below the thighbone. An ACL injury may be diagnosed when the ligament is overstretched or torn. This type of injury occurs frequently in sport. Athletes who participate high-impact sports where rapid pivoting and turning are common, such as basketball, football, skiing, and soccer.

The anterior cruciate ligament can be injured in several ways:

  • Suddenly slowing down and changing direction (cutting)
  • Pivoting with your foot firmly planted
  • Landing from a jump incorrectly
  • Stopping suddenly
  • Receiving a direct blow to the knee or collision, such as a football tackle


Signs and symptoms of an ACL injury usually include:

  • A loud “pop” or a “popping” sensation in the knee
  • Severe pain and inability to continue activity
  • Swelling that begins within a few hours
  • Loss of range of motion
  • A feeling of instability or “giving way” with weight bearing

Depending on the severity of ACL injury, treatment may include rest and rehabilitation exercises to help you regain strength and stability. A proper treatment may help reduce the risk of an ACL injury.

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