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Idiopathic Scoliosis Exercise vs Surgery

Stand straight in front of a mirror and observe your posture. Is one side of your shoulder higher than the other? How about your hip? If the answer is yes, scoliosis might be one of the conditions to be considered.

Idiopathic scoliosis is a three-dimensional curvature of the spine caused by unknown factors. The curves progresses significantly during the rapid growth rate and slow down after skeletal maturity.  It is commonly affecting children age 10 to 18 years old, however, scoliosis can be diagnose from three years old up to adulthood.

Many researches have been done to compare alternative treatments and surgical intervention to obtain the best approach for treating scoliosis. Systematic review conducted by Bettany-Saltikov et al (2016) shows no significant difference in outcome measures (quality of life, pain and function, muscle endurance) between surgical and non-surgical intervention. However, surgical intervention imposed more complications post-surgery such as deep wound infection, neurological deficit, loss of normal spine functions and a lot more. Thus, non-surgical treatments for scoliosis should be consider on top of surgery.

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